Sunday, May 17, 2020

The Problem with Being Gay Essay - 1570 Words

The Problem with Being Gay About a year ago one of my best friends and I bought some glow-in-the-dark stars to paste on my ceiling. After about four hours of neck-straining work, we shut off all the lights in my room, closed the door, jumped onto my bed and looked up to admire the green glowing wonders above us. After a few minutes of quiet talking, my friend said something that totally blew me away. It might have been that he was tired from the days work, or maybe a little light-headed from all the dust and stucco we inhaled while placing those stars on my ceiling. Or maybe it was the darkness that made him feel as if he had some kind of security. But something about the situation made him say one of the most serious things he†¦show more content†¦I remember him saying that if he were queer, he would never reach his goals and aspirations. He would probably never be a senator or hold any type of political office because his sexual orientation would be so hard an issue to overcome. He would never have that traditional perfect family that he dreamed of when he was younger. He would never be a real father in that perfect family. His high school social life would be torn apart. Rumors would fly, and his reputation would go down the drain. But what he was most scared of was what his parents reactions would be to his coming out of the closet. He didnt want them to think that their son was a failure; that he would not carry on the family name with honor. He was so scared. From then on, having been alerted to my friends distress, I decided to watch myself around the subject of homosexuality. The MIT audience is obviously much more liberal than that of high school in terms of accepting and supporting the actions of individuals whose sexual orientation pushes them towards other individuals of the same sex. Yet I know that MIT is more the exception than the norm, and most people are still stuck with that high school mentality. For example, people are still committing hate crimes against lesbians and gays, people are scared of them, people make an effort to steerShow MoreRelatedArticle On Gay Marriage Rights1686 Words   |  7 PagesDaeja Nya Alicea English 101 10/25/16 Krietcsh Gay Marriage Rights Can you believe that in some parts of the world it is still illegal to be homosexual , or better yet to marry the person you love if they are the same sex as you? Many people use religion to try a stop gay marriage rights. But religion has nothing to do with the fact that it is every human being’s right to marry the person they love.Gay Marriage has always been around for example â€Å"Evidence exists that same-sex marriages wereRead MoreDecline of the Traditional American Family: Homosexual Parents1246 Words   |  5 PagesAmerican Family: Homosexual Parents The conception that lesbians and gay men may be parents is frequently perceived in today s society as impossible or immoral. Gay men and lesbians are often viewed as excluded from having children because sexual reproduction is related to men and women couples only. My approach to this uniquely controversial topic of gay parenting will be that of attempting to analyze the pro side. Gays and lesbians are human too and who is to say that they don t deserve equalRead MoreIn Pro of Same-Sex Marriage1009 Words   |  5 Pages Homosexual couples have had to endure much due to them not only being a minority, but also being declared illegal. I believe that homosexual marriage should be legal in Georgia. To delve into an issue as divisive as this, understanding why it is illegal in the first place is in order. In 1996 the United States Congress passed DOMA, the Defense of Marriage Act, into law. This law was made in order to define what marriage means when writing laws. The Defense of Marriage Act states â€Å"†¦ The word â€Å"marriage†Read MoreIs Being Gay A Choice Or Nah?1264 Words   |  6 PagesIs Being Gay a Choice or Nah? â€Å"According to the APA today, there is little scientific consensus about the exact factors that cause a person to be gay, but most people don t experience a choice about their sexual orientation.† (Megan Gannon) In our society, arguing about whether or not a person was born homosexual is very common. You have people who claim that homosexuality is something that person chooses to be, and then you have people who claim that homosexuality is something that they were bornRead More Gay Rights Essay1291 Words   |  6 Pages Gay Rights Two men are walking down the street very peacefully until they decide to kiss one another right out in the open. Some people look upon this as weird and others look upon it in disgust. Some even get angry about it. Is there a problem with what these men just did? Should they be left alone or reprimanded for what they have done? The issue of gay rights is very cloudy in our great nation. Most of this is due to the problems with the issue, the reasons for controversy, and pros and consRead MoreStereotypes And Stereotypes Of Gay Men Essay1181 Words   |  5 Pagesare constantly ridiculed because of who or what they are based on their own sexuality? Gay men are often seen in television shows and films as flamboyant and lesbian women are often seen to be this type of masculine-type female try to evolve herself as a man. These depictions can be true for some gay men and lesbian females, but certainly not all within the lesbian and gay communities. When a man identifies as gay, he is ident ifying himself and to others that he is attracted to males and because ofRead More Equal Rights for All Essays918 Words   |  4 PagesEqual Rights for All Gay marriage has always been a subject of great controversy. Andrew Sullivan addresses this issue in his persuasive essay entitled â€Å"Let Gays Marry.† Sullivan’s essay appeared in Newsweek in June of 1996. Through his problem/solution structure of this essay, Sullivan uses rhetorical appeals to try and persuade the audience to accept gay marriage as a natural part of life. Sullivan, an editor of The New Republic, also wrote Virtually Normal: An ArgumentRead MoreGays on College Campuses and the Problems They Face700 Words   |  3 PagesGays on College Campuses and the Problems They Face Gays in today’s society face many problems not only with the Media’s eyes, but also on college campuses. Young adults who self-identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual experience major stresses in managing their sexual orientation. They are at risk for many types of mental , health problems along with suicide and depression. The gay and lesbian youth and young adults who are more open about their sexuality than others are exposed to frequent derogatoryRead MoreSame-Sex Marriage Issues Controversies Essay example1180 Words   |  5 Pageshas named gay marriage â€Å"one of the key struggles of our time†. According to the website â€Å"† as of January 6th 2014, 17 states have taken the plunge and legalized same-sex marriage. Marriage is â€Å"one of the basic civil rights of man†. Yet, we are still waiting on 66% of our nation to do the right thing and legalize gay marriage. The ban on gay marriage has deprived gay, lesbian, and bisexuals of many benefits that come with being married. Also, it has been proved that banning gay marriageRead MoreCauses of Homophobic Bullying1551 Words   |  6 Pagesopportunity to raise an issue that has been tormenting kids and adults around the world: bullying. Yet Burns is not referring to any bullying. What Burns addresses in his speech, called It Gets Better, is bullying people who are gay, lesbian, or just different, (Joel Burns Tells Gay Teens It Gets Better.). The speech was powerful enough, and with just enough personal experience interjected, that it became an overnight internet sensation as well as a Technology, Education, Design (TED): Ideas Worth

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Emmission Essay Purpose - 1077 Words

If selected for the Fulbright, I would use the funds to pursue a research based masters in philosophy at the University of Sheffield. The program is a self-structured masters involving a dissertation and student designed track as is traditional to philosophy. It is my intent to structure my education around the topics of language and social philosophy such as feminism, global justice, implicit bias, etc. A focus not only supported through modules and reading groups, but a large faculty of shared interests and a socially conscious greater campus community. My undergraduate research largely centered around these topics as did my community work through social justice based organizations on my campus giving me a strong foundation on which to†¦show more content†¦Jennifer Saul who is focused on the intersection of politics and language. Her current focuses on trigger warnings and hate speech are not only topics covered in Bachelor’s thesis, but topics I would like to carry into my master’s project. Her past work in intention also holds an interest for me. Fricker has a slight diversion in focus from what I am familiar with, but for that reason is all the better a challenge. Fricker has also work in responsibility and questions of who is to blame in actions which supplemented by her perspective as an epistemologist, or one who looks at theories of knowledge, can offer equal insight on what I wish to pursue academically. Beyond their research each of these women demonstrates a varied and accomplished career with projects reaching topics outside of what is strictly philosophical that I would be blessed to have in a mentor. While the department itself hosts annual lectures series in woman in philosophy and minorities in philosophy to give a voice to these groups that often lack attention in philosophical discourse in addition to housing the Center for Engaged Philosophy. In addition to lectures on how to bring philosophy into the community, the ce nter has a program called philosophy in the city, which allows students to gain teaching experience through giving philosophy lessons in homeless shelters, primary schools, and centers for the elderly. This is a project I would greatly like to be involved with that’s unique approach to

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Human Rights Polished Synthesis Essay - 1251 Words

Michael Mekonnen Prof. Laura McBride English 102 Section 4005 01 Nobember 2017 Word Count: How Democracy Relates to Human Rights: Polished Synthesis Essay Democracy is a device that insures we shall be governed no better than we deserve. This synthesis essay is analyzed from two essays. The first essay that was written in 1788 by James Madison is titled The Bill of Rights. The second essay that was written in 1835 by a French aristocrat Alexis De Tocqueville is titled The Idea of Rights in the United States. Tocqueville wanted to analyze the democracy in the United States in order to determine its strengths and weaknesses so that governments could be formed to reinforce democracy s strengths while counteracting its weaknesses. Even†¦show more content†¦The Second Amendment, which says, â€Å"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed (67), is very confusing and not easy to interpret. The language has created considerable debate regarding the Amendment’s in tended scope. The phrase the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, creates an individual constitutional right for citizens of the United States. On the other hand, the phrase â€Å"A well regulated Militia†, states that citizens do not have an individual right to possess guns and that local, state, and federal legislative bodies therefore possess the authority to regulate firearms without implicating a constitutional right. Freedom of the press is the other weakness of the Bill of Rights. If the media are free to write about government, they can report on the performance of government, and the public can learn information necessary to form opinions about government. Media freedom is essentially a limit on government power. Media freedom also allows a range of ideas to be shared and tested. When there is press restriction, the news will always be one sided. However, the press abuses their power and reports incorrect stories. Tocqueville thought that freedom of the press could potentially produce political evils. Media manipulation, which is the result of freedom of press, is a series of related techniques in whichShow MoreRelated Gustav von Aschenbachs Death in Venice Essay4018 Words   |  17 Pages never bad be known so well that Eros is in the word, as in these perilous and precious hours when be sat at his rude table within the shade of his awning, his idol full in his view and the music of his voic e in his ears, and fashioned his little essay after the model Tadzios beauty set: that page and a half of choicest prose, so chaste, so lofty, so poignant with feeling, which would shortly be the wonder and admiration of the multitude (46). The Standard Interpretation The standard interpretationRead MoreStatement of Purpose23848 Words   |  96 Pagesmeasures—test scores and grades—were most important Ohio Wesleyan University Writing Center  © 2011 Page 1 and used the statement of purpose for borderline decisions. However, of liberal arts faculty who responded, approximately half valued the essays as much as other parts of the application package. ï‚ · Determine the importance of the mentor system. The importance of the statement of purpose increases, as Robert M. Brown notes, at institutions with strong mentoring programs ―because it is the onlyRead More65 Successful Harvard Business School Application Essays 2nd Edition 147256 Words   |  190 PagesGRIFFIN NEW YORK 65 SUCCESSFUL HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL APPLICATION ESSAYS, SECOND EDITION. Copyright  © 2009 byThe Harbus News Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. For-information, address St. Martins Press, 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10010. Library of Congress Data 65 successful Harvard Business -School application essays : with analysis by the staff of The Harbus, the Harvard Business School newspaperRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagesunderlying theoretical dimensions nor methodological approach to be employed. With the recognition of different approaches to organization theory, there is a widely perceived need to bring some order to the field. This textbook offers a well-integrated synthesis of approaches to organization theory. It will be welcomed by organization theory scholars and reflective practitioners and is a valuable companion for scholars and students of organization theory. Henk W. 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Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any formRead MoreMerger and Acquisition: Current Issues115629 Words   |  463 PagesPERFORMANCE OF MUTUAL FUNDS Mergers and Acquisitions Current Issues Edited by GREG N. GREGORIOU and KARYN L. NEUHAUSER Selection and editorial matter  © Greg N. Gregoriou and Karyn L. Neuhauser 2007 Individual chapters  © contributors 2007 All rights reserved. No reproduction, copy or transmission of this publication may be made without written permission. No paragraph of this publication may be reproduced, copied or transmitted save with written permission or in accordance with the provisions

Research Design Qualitative And Phenomenology (...

RESEARCH DESIGN: Qualitative – Phenomenology (interpretive approach) Selecting a qualitative research design best suits the outline of our intended study. As we are wanting to investigate the perceived harms of e-cigarettes by users and non-users this design will compliment the data we are looking to obtain. Within the qualitative design we have selected phenomenology as our specific design. The object of this study is to focus on the beliefs and experiences of the participants. This will be accomplished through the phenomenological research design. An interpretive approach will allow the researcher’s an opportunity to draw conclusions and gain a further understanding of the individuals experiences related to e-cigarettes. SAMPLE – The quota sampling strategy will be used in selecting a sample group. This was chosen based on having two different study groups, each having different exclusion criteria. The inclusion criteria for all participants in the study will have two components. Each participant must be a student at the Algonquin College Waterfront campus and between the ages of 18 and 25 years of age. This criteria was selected based on the principles of feasibility and availability. Exclusion criteria will differentiate the two groups into e-cigarette users and non users. E-cigarette users are defined as participants who engage in the use of e-cigarettes 3-5 times daily. Non-users are defined as participants who have not used e-cigarettes in their lifetime.Show MoreRelatedHow Culture Impact On Saudi Arabian Women s Perception Of Survivorship Following Treatment For Breast Cancer2180 Words   |  9 PagesThis chapter presents the methodology and research methods used to explore how culture impacts on Saudi Arabian women’s perception of survivorship following treatment for breast cancer. First, the epistemological paradigm and the theoretical perspectives that guide the research process are described. The chapter includes the research methods (research’s question, aim and research design), followed by describing the interviews, sampling and the process of recruitment. Finally, data collection, managementRead MoreResearch on Nursing Program1146 Words   |  5 Pages DEFINITION: Research is a process in which the investigator actively determines the question to answer, creates a data collection and analysis plan as well as a plan to control for events (known as threats) that would influence the outcome(Burns and Grove,2005).Nursing research is a systematic enquiry that seeks to add new nursing knowledge to benefit patients, families and communities. Research based practice is arguably the hallmark of professional nursing and is essential for high quality clinicalRead MoreQualitative Research Essay1628 Words   |  7 PagesQualitative Research in Nursing Date of last revision : January 28, 2011 â€Å"Not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts† -Albert Einstein INTRODUCTION †¢ Qualitative research methods have become increasingly important as ways of developing nursing knowledge for evidence-based nursing practice. Qualitative research answers a wide variety of questions related to nursings concern with human responses to actual or potential health problems. (Ploeg JRead MoreRelationship Between One s Biases, Frameworks, And Methodology900 Words   |  4 Pagesnature and approaches of qualitative research. Through individual study and group collaboration, we have navigated a deep topic of engagement that has shaped my perspective of future research and inquiry. Through this process I have discovered the importance of collaboration; the relationship between one’s biases, frameworks, and methodology; the importance of credibility and validity, and the nature in which one’s collaborative approach serves the investigation of the research question. Let us firstRead MoreQualitative Research Essay3386 Words   |  14 PagesCONCEPTS OF QUA LITATIVE RESEARCH (An Essay) By Deborah Sitorus One of the ways to gain knowledge is by carrying out some research. As what Zacharia (2012) stated that in daily life most people conduct research to gain knowledge. A research can be carried out qualitatively or quantitatively depends on the research purposes and needs and the type of information the researcher is seeking. My concern in this essay is to briefly share my understandings about basic concepts of qualitative research that I gainedRead MoreQualitative Research Essay3380 Words   |  14 PagesCONCEPTS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH (An Essay) By Deborah Sitorus One of the ways to gain knowledge is by carrying out some research. As what Zacharia (2012) stated that in daily life most people conduct research to gain knowledge. A research can be carried out qualitatively or quantitatively depends on the research purposes and needs and the type of information the researcher is seeking. My concern in this essay is to briefly share my understandings about basic concepts of qualitative research thatRead MoreCritiquing Qualitative and Quantitative Research1465 Words   |  6 PagesUnit 6: Critiquing Qualitative and Quantitative Research Kaplan University July 16, 2013 Unit 6 Critiquing Qualitative and Quantitative Research The research conducted by Foster-Fitzpatrick, Ortiz, Sibilano, Marcantonio and Braun (1999) is a quantitative study of the significance of crossing the legs while blood pressure is being measured. The purpose of the research was to determine whether leg-crossing impacted the results of blood pressure measurements. The research conducted by Palese, SkrapRead MoreA Mixed Methods Portrait Of Urban Instrumental Music Essay751 Words   |  4 Pages RESEARCH EVALUATION FORM NAME: DATE: 1. Full citation in APA style: Fitzpatrick, K. R. (2011). A mixed methods portrait of urban instrumental music teaching. Journal of Research in Music Education, 59(3), 229-256. 2. Purpose of the study: The aim of this study was to understand how instrumental music educators negotiate the urban environment in which they teach. 3. Research question(s) posed: 1) What background information do urban instrumental music educators have about the students they instructRead MoreA Mixed Methods Portrait Of Urban Instrumental Music751 Words   |  4 Pages RESEARCH EVALUATION FORM NAME: DATE: 1. Full citation in APA style: Fitzpatrick, K. R. (2011). A mixed methods portrait of urban instrumental music teaching. Journal of Research in Music Education, 59(3), 229-256. 2. Purpose of the study: The aim of this study was to understand how instrumental music educators negotiate the urban environment in which they teach. 3. Research question(s) posed: 1) What background information do urban instrumental music educators have about the students they instructRead MorePhenomenology: Scientific Method and Research3324 Words   |  14 PagesPhenomenology as Research Method by Beverley Campbell, Victoria University of Technology Outline of the paper This paper is an account, the interweaving, of the narrative of the writing of my own thesis using a phenomenological approach, with my developing interest in phenomenology as research method. My study of personal transformation provides the context for these reflections on phenomenology as research method. I have spoken in other forums about the content of the research; in this

Utilization and Management of Bioresources †

Question: Discuss about the Utilization and Management of Bioresources. Answer: Introduction: Waste products of pineapple peels can be employed to help produce a maximum yield coefficient of bioethanol. And this protocol can be developed in the laboratory to assess ethanol and glucose yield from pineapple peels which are considered as a waste. The consequence of the analyzed quality of wholemeal peels of pineapple from the waste substances and the amount of saccharification of the amount of produced glucose was predicted(KoffiY., 2013). In the production of bioethanol from pineapple can be done using the following materials; Pineapple: pineapple peels are majorly obtained from the pineapple edible juice which is in most cases thrown away as a waste. Enzymes: There are two major enzymes employed during the hydrolysis of starch. This enzyme is normally got from Rhizopus and Aspergillus niger. For this enzyme works best at a temperature of a range 550 -600C ?-amylase. Is got from Aspergillus oryzae and Bacillus Licheniformis. The enzyme is applied to degrade the starch from the wheat substance and it is stable at a temperature of 900C This acts as enzyme works best at a 350C to enable the fermentation occurs. In the production of bioethanol is prepared through fermentation of the wheat since it contains starch and sugar. This production takes the following five steps. Crushing of the pineapple to release the starch component. Filtering to remove the solid substances. Addition point where water, heat, and enzymes are introduced to enable the conversion into fermentable sugar. Fermentation using the yeast. At this point, it is converted to Carbon (IV) oxide and bioethanol. Rectification and the distillation, at this point cleaning and concentration of the ethanol is done by distillation and removing the co-product from the bioethanol(MILLER, 2011). The final step is the drying of the bioethanol which is also known as dehydration. From the below equation (i) which shows the fermentation equation during the process, we can obtain the amount of glucose used during the reaction; C6H12O6 2 C2H5OH + 2 CO2 (i) Every molecule of glucose is then decomposed into two pyruvates, the process referred to as glycolysis. The process of glycolysis is expreesed by the following equation. C6H12O6 + 2 ADP + 2 Pi + 2 NAD+ 2 CH3COCOO + 2 ATP + 2 NADH + 2 H2O + 2 H+ ............ (ii) And the amount of ethanol in the solution crushed will highly depend on the freshness of the pineapple. Averagely the amount of ethanol in the pineapple which gives the concentration was obtained to be 140g/litre. For the pineapple, the amount of glu cose employed for the fermentation is actually very low, which gives a low concentration(Ghosh, 2017). For the average freshness of pineapple, it is obtained to be about 2 g/litre. Having a yield coefficient of 70 is actually optimum yield, 70 yield coefficient is also witnessed in the case of sugarcane. Basically, the fermentation of the pineapple works best at 350C temperature, at this temperature, the yeast and other enzymes will work best(Bank, 2010). The above-obtained solution is highly reasonable given that the correct formula has been employed to achieve a reasonable yield coefficient for bioethanol. The waste employed in the experimental protocol contains a relatively higher amount of sugar content which made it possible for the fermentation to happen. With the availability of sugar juice, the enzymes and the appropriate temperature for the process it was highly possible for the fermentation to occur(Jacobs, 2013). False positive is the result of which shows specific conditions for the production of bioethanol condition exists when it does not for sure. While the false negative is a test that incorrectly shows that a given condition is absent(Jacobs, 2013). During the production of the bioethanol, some conditions like ?-amylase and a temperature of 800C exist in the process wherein the real sense it does not. It is the glucoamylase and yeast which are vital for the production of bioethanol and temperature of about 350 C which is easily attained is employed and this could easily lead to a false positive result. For the false negative the presence of oxygen as a necessity for the reaction could easily false negative result. The attainment of the correct result may be affected by some factors like inaccurate concentrations for both glucose used in the reaction and the concentration of ethanol in the waste. Another source of error in this reaction may be inappropriate temperature used for the reaction. If the temperature is too high or too low then the reaction will not occur the way it should supposed to be(West, 2011). There are other alternatives which could be employed to realize a higher yield coefficient, such alternatives may include the use of the sugarcane peels, whets, potatoes peals. But the pineapple peels is still the best. Bibliography Bank, S. E. I. D., 2010. Alcohol Fuels Bibliography. 1st ed. Washington DC: The Bank. Ghosh, S. K., 2017. Utilization and Management of Bioresources. 1st ed. London: Springer. Jacobs, P. B., 2013. Industrial alcohol: a study of the technology, production, and uses of alcohol in relation to agriculture. 1st ed. New York: CRC. KoffiY., B., 2013. Alcohol production from pineapple waste. 1st ed. Hull: Springer. MILLER, D., 2011. Ethanol Fermentation and potential. 1st ed. Stoke: CRC press. West, C. J., 2011. Producing bioethanol using the pineapple. 2nd ed. Chicago: Springer.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Organizational Behavior Manufacturing Companies

Question: Discuss about the Organizational Behavior for Manufacturing Companies. Answer: Organizational change in Nissan Nissan and were Toyota were the two best car manufacturing companies in Japan. But, during the 1990s it suffered great loss due to mismanagement and complacency. It got dumped under huge debt. The cars manufactured were also not up to the mark, not at all inspirational(Pasmore, Woodman, Shani, 2010). Yet Nissan did not lose its importance in the eyes of European car manufacturing companies. They noticed the promising horsepower potential in it. Waiting to spread worldwide they were also looking for places to start off, so in this scenario, Nissan in Japan seemed to fill the gaps of their expectation. At first, Chrysler Daimler, the German car manufacturer of the famous Mercedes-Benz approached Nissan. Daimler did a lot of queries and investigations regarding the future aspect of the company if he overtook it, but could not find any positive sign to overtake it. Then came Louis Schweitzer, chairman, and CEO of Renault who gave an offer of 5.4 billion dollars to get off the stake in N issan, which was accepted. He sent an executive name Carlos Ghosn to Japan to take hold of the new alliance(Tager, 2003). Ghosn was an ambitious person who had a frank quality to make things right. Within the year 2000, he recovered Nissan from its previous half-dead condition. He made many changes in Nissan after taking control over its management decisions. He clearly understood the main reasons behind that condition of Nissan(Donnelly, Morris, Donnelly, 2005). The main reasons were like less focus on profits, less focus on the customer, missing the sense of urgency, existence of silos and no vision towards the future aspect of the company. The previous management had no idea about where would that company lie in the upcoming 10 years. Another issue that struck Ghosns mind regarding this company was the policy of seniority which meant that the longer a person worked in that company the more his salary used to get increased. This deprived the young talents to get their actual value. Ghosn always encouraged young talents. So he eliminated many employees as much as 21,000 and reduced the capacity of pro duction by 30%. He also gave stress on producing models on 15 platforms instead of 24 platforms and sharing with Renault. Both Nissan and Renault were expected to produce 1million units per year while sharing the same platform(Pasmore, Woodman, Shani, 2010). He reduced the number of suppliers from 1145 to 600 so that cost could be spread over a large number of volumes by them. He made sure to sell off unprofitable and unrelated investments. In a high-profile event, he personally guaranteed maximum exposure and gave a clear signal to the employees, investors and customers about the future vision of Nissan. Though this open announcement was a big risk and open challenge to the world but then, he not only successfully won the challenge but also gave a new life to Nissan in a decade. His transparency and simplicity nature made him a good leader and this in turn, provoked workers to be faithful not only to him but also towards the company(Anderson, 2014). Team work Ghosn believed in the aspiration present in the young generation. So he always encouraged young talent. While getting rid of the old employees with a huge amount of salaries, he hired young talents. During the dark years of Nissan, many expert workers left Nissan. But Ghosn did not lose hope. He decided to make a new team keeping in mind the four criterions. Firstly, the workers should be open-minded. Secondly, they should have acquired expertise in their field of work. Thirdly, they should be expert coaches, that is, they work as a team, teaching and learning from each other towards the way of growth. Lastly, they should be able to relocate to Japan if necessary. His main motto was to make people understand that difference is innovation("Vancouver testing for new Nissan FCV", 2006). They should have the patience and enthusiasm towards accepting something new. He always motivated his team members. Motivation was the main medicine behind the recovery of Nissan. A person should know wh o they belong to and what their company is all about. If they have no idea or no interest about all these stuff then, they should forget about going an extra mile forward with their company(Marcum, 2000). We all know that Japan is a country where group work is the priority but then, it should not be forgotten that if a useful group can enhance the profit of a company at the same time a useless selfish group could even bring about the destruction of that company. Though he maintained transparency with his team but kept the decision-making authority up to himself only. While taking any new decision there used to be 12 hours discussion amongst the team but the main decision used to be taken by Ghosn himself. He never gave individual responsibility to anybody. If anybody came up with any new ideas then, he divided the worker into different teams to get the plan executed. He never showed betrayal towards his employees which in turn kept the candle of faith burning in their mind(Chen Tjosvold, 2013). Targets with time limits used to be given to the employees and when they reached the target they used to be rewarded and along with it new targets with more responsibilities used to be given. This increased the team spirit and kept them motivated. If Ghosn had confidence in any employee then he gave him more responsibilities and targets. Bt if he had less confidence in any employee then he used to get down to the root of his problem, solve it and then provide possible targets for him. He kept that much transparency with them that his employees were open to share problems with him and he used to solve it accordingly. Yes, under his leadership along with his team members Nissan got back its value and worth within a decade(Bellot, 2011). All this was the result of his leadership and teamwork represented by his team. References Anderson, J. (2014). Counterfactuals and their Truthmakers.Polish Journal Of Philosophy,8(2), 7-24. Bellot, J. (2011). Defining and Assessing Organizational Culture.Nursing Forum,46(1), 29-37. Chen, N. Tjosvold, D. (2013). Inside the leader relationship: constructive controversy for team effectiveness in China.J Appl Soc Psychol,43(9), 1827-1837. Donnelly, T., Morris, D., Donnelly, T. (2005). Renault Nissan: a marriage of necessity?.European Business Review,17(5), 428-440. Marcum, J. (2000). Out with motivation, in with engagement employee relations.Natl. Prod. Rev.,19(4), 57-60.;2-n Pasmore, W., Woodman, R., Shani, A. (2010).Research in organizational change and development. Bingley, UK: Emerald. Tager, M. (2003). What people really need from a change leader.Leader To Leader,2004(31), 6-9. Vancouver testing for new Nissan FCV. (2006).Fuel Cells Bulletin,2006(4), 4.